The Green Economy
The National Center for O*NET Development, as part of its efforts to keep up with the changing world of work, investigated the impact of green economy activities and technologies on occupational requirements and the development of New and Emerging (N&E) occupations. Results of the research led to the identification of green economic sectors, green increased demand occupations, green enhanced skills occupations, and green new and emerging (N&E) occupations. These occupations are now reflected in the O*NET-SOC system and are included in the ongoing data collection.
For the National Center for O*NET Development's research on the green economy, read Greening of the World of Work: Implications for O*NET-SOC and New and Emerging Occupations (2009) and Greening of the World of Work: Revisiting Occupational Consequences (2011). In addition to these reports on the green economy, the National Center for O*NET Development produced the Green Book of References. Green tasks have also been developed for green enhanced skills and green new and emerging occupations; see the O*NET Green Task Development Project report.
The impact of green economy activities and technologies is rapidly changing the world of work by affecting worker requirements and occupational demand. Here's our definition of the green economy.
XWe define the green economy as economic activity related to reducing the use of fossil fuels, decreasing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, increasing the efficiency of energy usage, recycling materials, and developing and adopting renewable sources of energy.
The National Center for O*NET Development's research on the green economy was conducted at the occupation level. Because green economy activities and technologies may have different effects on different occupations, we believe a useful approach to studying the green economy is to focus on the "greening" of occupations.
XThe "greening" of occupations refers to the extent to which green economy activities and technologies increase the demand for existing occupations, shape the work and worker requirements needed for occupational performance, or generate unique work and worker requirements.
This definition lends itself to three general occupational categories, each describing different consequences of green economy activities and technologies on occupational performance:
Through a multi-stage research and screening process:
64 O*NET-SOC occupations were found to qualify as Green Increased Demand occupations,
62 O*NET-SOC occupations were found to qualify as Green Enhanced Skills occupations,
45 O*NET-SOC N&E occupations previously identified through research on in-demand industry clusters were found to qualify as Green N&E occupations, and
46 candidate N&E occupations in the green economy were found to qualify as Green N&E occupations.