|11-1021.00||General and Operations Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of companies or public and private sector organizations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Includes owners and managers who head small business establishments whose duties are primarily managerial.
Develop laws and statutes at the Federal, State, or local level.
|11-2021.00||Marketing Managers |
Determine the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors and identify potential customers. Develop pricing strategies with the goal of maximizing the firm's profits or share of the market while ensuring the firm's customers are satisfied. Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services.
|11-2022.00||Sales Managers |
Direct the actual distribution or movement of a product or service to the customer. Coordinate sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and establish training programs for sales representatives. Analyze sales statistics gathered by staff to determine sales potential and inventory requirements and monitor the preferences of customers.
|11-3021.00||Computer and Information Systems Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as electronic data processing, information systems, systems analysis, and computer programming.
|11-3040.00||Human Resources Managers |
Plan, direct, and coordinate human resource management activities of an organization to maximize the strategic use of human resources and maintain functions such as employee compensation, recruitment, personnel policies, and regulatory compliance.
|11-3041.00||Compensation and Benefits Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate compensation and benefits activities and staff of an organization.
|11-3042.00||Training and Development Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate the training and development activities and staff of an organization.
|11-3051.00||Industrial Production Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications.
|11-3071.02||Storage and Distribution Managers |
Plan, direct, and coordinate the storage and distribution operations within an organization or the activities of organizations that are engaged in storing and distributing materials and products.
|11-9021.00||Construction Managers |
Plan, direct, coordinate, or budget, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, and implementation.
|11-9041.00||Engineering Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields.
|11-9051.00||Food Service Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages.
|11-9061.00||Funeral Directors |
Perform various tasks to arrange and direct funeral services, such as coordinating transportation of body to mortuary for embalming, interviewing family or other authorized person to arrange details, selecting pallbearers, procuring official for religious rites, and providing transportation for mourners.
|11-9111.00||Medical and Health Services Managers |
Plan, direct, or coordinate medicine and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.
|13-1051.00||Cost Estimators |
Prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing, construction projects, or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured.
|13-1073.00||Training and Development Specialists |
Conduct training and development programs for employees.
|13-1121.00||Meeting and Convention Planners |
Coordinate activities of staff and convention personnel to make arrangements for group meetings and conventions.
Examine and analyze accounting records to determine financial status of establishment and prepare financial reports concerning operating procedures.
|13-2031.00||Budget Analysts |
Examine budget estimates for completeness, accuracy, and conformance with procedures and regulations. Analyze budgeting and accounting reports for the purpose of maintaining expenditure controls.
|15-1011.00||Computer and Information Scientists, Research |
Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.
|15-1041.00||Computer Support Specialists |
Provide technical assistance to computer system users. Answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person, via telephone or from remote location. May provide assistance concerning the use of computer hardware and software, including printing, installation, word processing, electronic mail, and operating systems.
|15-1061.00||Database Administrators |
Coordinate changes to computer databases, test and implement the database applying knowledge of database management systems. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases.
|15-1071.00||Network and Computer Systems Administrators |
Install, configure, and support an organization's local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), and Internet system or a segment of a network system. Maintain network hardware and software. Monitor network to ensure network availability to all system users and perform necessary maintenance to support network availability. May supervise other network support and client server specialists and plan, coordinate, and implement network security measures.
|15-1099.01||Software Quality Assurance Engineers and Testers |
Develop and execute software test plans in order to identify software problems and their causes.
|15-1099.02||Computer Systems Engineers/Architects |
Design and develop solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions.
|15-1099.04||Web Developers |
Develop and design web applications and web sites. Create and specify architectural and technical parameters. Direct web site content creation, enhancement and maintenance.
|15-1099.05||Web Administrators |
Manage web environment design, deployment, development and maintenance activities. Perform testing and quality assurance of web sites and web applications.
|15-2091.00||Mathematical Technicians |
Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.
Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.
|17-2051.00||Civil Engineers |
Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, water and sewage systems, and waste disposal units. Includes architectural, structural, traffic, ocean, and geo-technical engineers.
|17-2081.00||Environmental Engineers |
Design, plan, or perform engineering duties in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental health hazards utilizing various engineering disciplines. Work may include waste treatment, site remediation, or pollution control technology.
|17-3011.02||Civil Drafters |
Prepare drawings and topographical and relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, pipelines, flood control projects, and water and sewerage control systems.
|17-3023.01||Electronics Engineering Technicians |
Lay out, build, test, troubleshoot, repair, and modify developmental and production electronic components, parts, equipment, and systems, such as computer equipment, missile control instrumentation, electron tubes, test equipment, and machine tool numerical controls, applying principles and theories of electronics, electrical circuitry, engineering mathematics, electronic and electrical testing, and physics. Usually work under direction of engineering staff.
|17-3031.01||Surveying Technicians |
Adjust and operate surveying instruments, such as the theodolite and electronic distance-measuring equipment, and compile notes, make sketches and enter data into computers.
|19-1011.00||Animal Scientists |
Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.
Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.
|19-2041.00||Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health |
Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines may collect, synthesize, study, report, and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources.
|19-2042.00||Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers |
Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.
|19-3032.00||Industrial-Organizational Psychologists |
Apply principles of psychology to personnel, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee screening, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to reorganize the work setting to improve worker productivity.
Study nature and use of areas of earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.
|19-4061.01||City and Regional Planning Aides |
Compile data from various sources, such as maps, reports, and field and file investigations, for use by city planner in making planning studies.
|19-4091.00||Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health |
Performs laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health. Under direction of an environmental scientist or specialist, may collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing and take corrective actions as assigned.
|21-1022.00||Medical and Public Health Social Workers |
Provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as Alzheimer's, cancer, or AIDS. Services include advising family care givers, providing patient education and counseling, and making necessary referrals for other social services.
|21-1093.00||Social and Human Service Assistants |
Assist professionals from a wide variety of fields, such as psychology, rehabilitation, or social work, to provide client services, as well as support for families. May assist clients in identifying available benefits and social and community services and help clients obtain them. May assist social workers with developing, organizing, and conducting programs to prevent and resolve problems relevant to substance abuse, human relationships, rehabilitation, or adult daycare.
|27-1024.00||Graphic Designers |
Design or create graphics to meet specific commercial or promotional needs, such as packaging, displays, or logos. May use a variety of mediums to achieve artistic or decorative effects.
|27-4013.00||Radio Operators |
Receive and transmit communications using radiotelegraph or radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations. May repair equipment.
Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. Examine patient to determine nature and extent of disorder. Manipulate spine or other involved area. May utilize supplementary measures, such as exercise, rest, water, light, heat, and nutritional therapy.
Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind.
|29-1071.00||Physician Assistants |
Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants.
|29-1111.00||Registered Nurses |
Assess patient health problems and needs, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management. Licensing or registration required. Includes advance practice nurses such as: nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse midwives, and certified registered nurse anesthetists. Advanced practice nursing is practiced by RNs who have specialized formal, post-basic education and who function in highly autonomous and specialized roles.
|29-1122.00||Occupational Therapists |
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to disabled persons.
|29-1123.00||Physical Therapists |
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury.
|29-1124.00||Radiation Therapists |
Provide radiation therapy to patients as prescribed by a radiologist according to established practices and standards. Duties may include reviewing prescription and diagnosis; acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel; preparing equipment, such as immobilization, treatment, and protection devices; and maintaining records, reports, and files. May assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization.
|29-1125.00||Recreational Therapists |
Plan, direct, or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and arts and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity.
|29-2011.00||Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists |
Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.
|29-2031.00||Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians |
Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary-functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.
|29-2032.00||Diagnostic Medical Sonographers |
Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.
|29-2033.00||Nuclear Medicine Technologists |
Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies utilizing a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.
|29-2034.01||Radiologic Technologists |
Take x-rays and Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT or CT) scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. Includes technologists who specialize in other modalities, such as computed tomography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance.
|29-2041.00||Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics |
Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.
|29-2051.00||Dietetic Technicians |
Assist dietitians in the provision of food service and nutritional programs. Under the supervision of dietitians, may plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals.
|29-2055.00||Surgical Technologists |
Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments.
|29-2061.00||Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses |
Care for ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled persons in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.
|29-2071.00||Medical Records and Health Information Technicians |
Compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the health care system. Process, maintain, compile, and report patient information for health requirements and standards.
|31-1012.00||Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants |
Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties, such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens.
|31-2021.00||Physical Therapist Assistants |
Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in the development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, document the progress of treatment, and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Generally requires formal training.
|31-2022.00||Physical Therapist Aides |
Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area.
|31-9092.00||Medical Assistants |
Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician.
|33-1012.00||First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Police and Detectives |
Supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.
|33-3012.00||Correctional Officers and Jailers |
Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institution in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. Includes deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions.
|33-3021.01||Police Detectives |
Conduct investigations to prevent crimes or solve criminal cases.
|33-3051.01||Police Patrol Officers |
Patrol assigned area to enforce laws and ordinances, regulate traffic, control crowds, prevent crime, and arrest violators.
|33-9032.00||Security Guards |
Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules.
|39-5091.00||Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance |
Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.
Shampoo and rinse customers' hair.
|43-5031.00||Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers |
Receive complaints from public concerning crimes and police emergencies. Broadcast orders to police patrol units in vicinity of complaint to investigate. Operate radio, telephone, or computer equipment to receive reports of fires and medical emergencies and relay information or orders to proper officials.
|43-6013.00||Medical Secretaries |
Perform secretarial duties utilizing specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.
|45-1011.06||First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Aquacultural Workers |
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of aquacultural workers.
|45-1012.00||Farm Labor Contractors |
Recruit, hire, furnish, and supervise seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers for a fee. May transport, house, and provide meals for workers.
|45-2011.00||Agricultural Inspectors |
Inspect agricultural commodities, processing equipment, and facilities, and fish and logging operations, to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health, quality, and safety.
|47-2043.00||Floor Sanders and Finishers |
Scrape and sand wooden floors to smooth surfaces using floor scraper and floor sanding machine, and apply coats of finish.
|47-2053.00||Terrazzo Workers and Finishers |
Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.
|47-2072.00||Pile-Driver Operators |
Operate pile drivers mounted on skids, barges, crawler treads, or locomotive cranes to drive pilings for retaining walls, bulkheads, and foundations of structures, such as buildings, bridges, and piers.
Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems.
Cover interior walls and ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces, such as walls and billboards. Duties include removing old materials from surface to be papered.
Assemble, install, and repair pipes, fittings, and fixtures of heating, water, and drainage systems, according to specifications and plumbing codes.
Help roofers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment.
|47-4011.00||Construction and Building Inspectors |
Inspect structures using engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations. Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific area, such as electrical systems or plumbing.
|47-4091.00||Segmental Pavers |
Lay out, cut, and paste segmental paving units. Includes installers of bedding and restraining materials for the paving units.
|47-5041.00||Continuous Mining Machine Operators |
Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation.
|47-5051.00||Rock Splitters, Quarry |
Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass using jackhammer and wedges.
|49-1011.00||First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers |
Supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics, installers, and repairers.
|49-9064.00||Watch Repairers |
Repair, clean, and adjust mechanisms of timing instruments, such as watches and clocks.
|49-9093.00||Fabric Menders, Except Garment |
Repair tears, holes, and other defects in fabrics, such as draperies, linens, parachutes, and tents.
|51-2093.00||Timing Device Assemblers, Adjusters, and Calibrators |
Perform precision assembling or adjusting, within narrow tolerances, of timing devices, such as watches, clocks, or chronometers.
Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments. Includes precision instrument makers who fabricate, modify, or repair mechanical instruments. May also fabricate and modify parts to make or repair machine tools or maintain industrial machines, applying knowledge of mechanics, shop mathematics, metal properties, layout, and machining procedures.
Fabricate and repair jewelry articles. Make models or molds to create jewelry items.
|51-9071.06||Gem and Diamond Workers |
Fabricate, finish, or evaluate the quality of gems and diamonds used in jewelry or industrial tools.
|51-9071.07||Precious Metal Workers |
Cast, anneal, solder, hammer, or shape gold, silver, pewter or other metals to form jewelry or other metal items such as goblets or candlesticks.
|51-9195.05||Potters, Manufacturing |
Operate production machines such as pug mill, jigger machine, or potter's wheel to process clay in manufacture of ceramic, pottery and stoneware products.
|53-6041.00||Traffic Technicians |
Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer.
|53-6051.08||Freight and Cargo Inspectors |
Inspect the handling, storage, and stowing of freight and cargoes.
|53-7031.00||Dredge Operators |
Operate dredge to remove sand, gravel, or other materials from lakes, rivers, or streams; and to excavate and maintain navigable channels in waterways.
|53-7033.00||Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining |
Operate underground loading machine to load coal, ore, or rock into shuttle or mine car or onto conveyors. Loading equipment may include power shovels, hoisting engines equipped with cable-drawn scraper or scoop, or machines equipped with gathering arms and conveyor.
|53-7051.00||Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators |
Operate industrial trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse, storage yard, factory, construction site, or similar location.