O*NET information is used across the globe to help customers, train employees, develop products, and further research. Learn more through these stories from our users.
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Edumilestones is the leading career counselling and career assessment company in India. Since 2008, we are helping million of students in India and abroad to make informed career decisions through our highly reliable and accurate 5-Dimensional Career Assessment.
The crux of career assessment framework, career inventory and typologies used at Edumilestones are based on O*NET online. Edumilestones career assessment does career exploration among 20+ career clusters, 160+ career paths and 3000+ occupations.
The O*NET database provides key indicators like Holland's based career interest, skill mapping, career clusters and career paths, which was used in research and development of career assessment developed by Edumilestones.
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Adaptive Immersion Technologies (AIT) develops game-based and interactive pre-employment assessment content. Assessment solutions are available for over 1,100 industry job titles – positions whose task and skill requirements are carefully documented by O*NET descriptors. The O*NET taxonomy and rating data for tasks, skills, workstyles, and job technologies provides a comprehensive organizing structure for AIT’s assessment offerings. The extensive job analysis data provided by the O*NET database informs how assessment content, including personality trait measures and interactive game content, is configured to measure the most important attributes and work styles for each position. This helps ensure that AIT assessments truly are measuring the most important attributes for successful performance in ANY industry job. Additionally, the extensive job data provided by the O*NET database on career paths, bright outlook jobs, and alternative job titles help inform smart search technologies to identify the most relevant assessments for a given job title.
MyAbilities is an employee health management technology company that delivers transformative employment-related injury prevention and return-to-work solutions through a robust, proprietary, cloud-based data analytics SaaS platform, powered by artificial intelligence. We access the O*NET database to generate digital job profiles which can be accessed online. JOBx is a comprehensive database of pre-defined job analyses, offering a solution to the current, paper-based aggregation method of conducting onsite job analysis. JOBx eliminates or reduces the manual data collection, reduces the cost of onsite job analysis, and ultimately frees up resources to focus on risk resolution and injury prevention.
Profile.Center, is an all-in-one platform for Self-analysis, Talent-identification, Career-Path Advice and Career Compatibility Assessments, based on Psychologic Insights, AI-powered Smart Matching technology, and Rich Occupation Data.
Profile.Center is the first of its kind in Persian language, using O*NET Database, as a resource for career compatibility measurement, powered with localized psychometric tools (Holland test, Work Importance Locator, Work Values, Personality and Multiple Intelligence tests, all developed and normalized for Persian speakers), and educational path data, helping students to find the right pathway toward better future.
It also offers a free visualized version of O*NET occupation data, in Persian Language, enabling Researchers, Human Resource Managers, Students and Job Seekers, get deep information about each occupation.
The Study skills and Interest MONitor Interest Inventory (SIMON-I) is a career interest inventory developed as part of the SIMON project, which aims to assist secondary education students making decisions about higher education. A Ghent University doctoral candidate used O*NET’s validated and occupationally-derived RIASEC codes against students’ mean interest scores on the SIMON-I in order to validate the measure.
This book recognizes the value of O*NET career assessment services. The options O*NET OnLine provides should be endorsed. We hope our book will help young graduates as they seek their first career jobs. O*NET services are valuable at three time points: (1) selecting a university course (2) seeking a job/career and exploring alternative career paths (3) later career/job changes for personal reasons/lifestyle factors/job- employment disruption factors/work-life balance factors. The link between psychometric tests and jobs/careers is valuable.
The O*NET tool has assisted us in matching transitioning military members with employers supporting the Department of Defense (DOD) Skills Bridge Program. Service members are able to access the O*NET tool to enhance their knowledge of what careers match their military occupation and skills set. Additionally, employer partners have access to the military codes to better understand what the service members bring to their business.
TargetMyResume.com uses data science, machine learning and artificial intelligence to extract keywords from a job posting and merge them directly into a candidate's resume. We use the O*NET database and O*NET OnLine as a reference for our users so they can further accentuate key resume elements that match job tasks found there. O*NET OnLine is instrumental in offering added value to our service.
To identify O*NET KSAs and work values that relate to deeper learning competencies across a variety of jobs and to determine whether or not occupations' Job Zones and Bright Outlook status relate to the six most prominent learning competencies.
A career intervention was conceived based on O*NET for use in India. The intervention orientated career decision makers based on the O*NET’s taxonomy and navigated them to suitable careers based on a multi trait assessment based on the worker characteristics data in O*NET database. In an empirical evaluation with post-graduate management students effectiveness of the career intervention in reducing career decision-making difficulties was presented. Cultural variables were also explored which offered insights on O*NET's usage in a different culture.
This research uses a pretest/post test design with a treatment group and a control group to determine if an exercise based on My Next Move improves career preparedness. Results show that the exercise produces significant increases in career awareness and in perceived career preparedness skills. The positive results indicate that this tool can help students be more knowledgeable about their career options after graduation. This paper can help instructors use the My Next Move exercise to help students in their job search process.
MI Advantage™ from Human eSources reveals career options based on students’ multiple intelligences profiles. Students can research occupations and college majors then save notes and rate careers in their portfolio using the O*NET Database. The 15-minute assessment and report are written and normalized for students from 8th grade to college.
Do What You Are® from Human eSources identifies a student’s personality type and matches their results to careers of interest that make the most of their natural talents. Students can research occupations and college majors then save notes and rate careers in their portfolio using the O*NET Database. The 15-minute assessment and report are written and normalized for students from 9th grade to college.
CareerOneStop, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, has launched the mobile-friendly portal GetMyFuture. The site incorporates the O*NET Mini Interest Profiler and O*NET occupation data to assist users in finding careers they like, as well as entry-level jobs that match their interests. The portal also provides a comprehensive set of resources for job training, job searches, job application and resume preparation, and tutorials to prepare job seekers for interviewing and beginning work in their new jobs.
O*NET task statements provided the foundation for a study on the effect of computerization on the future of jobs in Norway. Researchers evaluated tasks from 903 O*NET occupations to determine the susceptibility of jobs to technological innovation: whether or not computers could perform tasks more inexpensively and with comparable quality to human performance.
The Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS) research team conducted a study to classify US Army Military occupational specialties with data on the 246 O*NET descriptors. The purpose was to derive scales to study the effects of job conditions on soldier health and job functioning across Army Military Occupation Specialties (MOSs) and Areas of Concentration (AOCs). The team found that O*NET classifications apply effectively to Army MOS/AOCs, enabling a greater understanding of the impact of military job characteristics to soldier outcomes such as job satisfaction, work performance, and health.
HRTMS, a developer of job information and description management software, uses the O*NET occupational taxonomy and Lay Titles database within its collaborative job description tool. A human resources professional begins the job description process by matching the job’s title to an O*NET Lay Title. The system then compiles task information for the O*NET occupation linked to that title, providing a descriptive foundation for collaboration with managers and training and development partners in tailoring the job description to the company’s needs.
In its academic advising journal, The Mentor, the Pennsylvania State University Division of Undergraduate Studies describes O*NET OnLine as a valuable academic advising tool. It explains use of the Occupation Quick Search to find occupations related to specific academic disciplines. For example, a student or advisor can type in “psychology major” to return a list of occupations rank-ordered by relevance to that discipline. Use of O*NET OnLine is also applied to the Bates “Ask Questions” activity, in which students are asked questions about their favorite and least-favorite classes, favorite pastimes, and length of time they are willing to go to school. Responses to these questions provide the basis for O*NET OnLine searches, which can produce occupation results based on students’ course preferences, education-level preferences, personal styles, or values.
The California CareerZone (www.cacareerzone.org) includes O*NET assessment tools and the O*NET occupational taxonomy to assist students contemplating college or career. Users may assess their interests, skills, and work values with the O*NET Interest Profiler, Skills Search, and Work Importance Profiler. They may explore and compare occupations by browsing O*NET Job Families and selecting occupations to compare on Job Zone and primary Interest area, as well as on salary, projected growth, and possible college majors. The California CareerZone, part of the California Career Resource Network, is linked from the sites of One Stop Centers throughout the state.
OwlGuru.com is using O*NET data to help students to find a career that is right for them based on the RIASEC model. Additional filters like salary and education level are used.
David Deming, associate professor of education and economics at Harvard University conducted a study of social skills in the workplace. He demonstrates that high-paying, difficult-to-automate jobs increasingly require social skills. Nearly all job growth since 1980 has been in occupations that are relatively social-skill intensive, while jobs that require high levels of analytical and mathematical reasoning, but low levels of social interaction, jobs that are comparatively easy to automate, have fared comparatively poorly. Using O*NET data about the tasks and abilities that occupations require, he measured the economic return of social skills, after controlling for factors like cognitive skill, years of education and occupation.
Economic Modeling Specialists Intl. created a compatibility index (based on O*NET and a proprietary algorithm) to help assess whether or not two or more occupations match up in terms of required knowledge, skills, and abilities. In the article, "Three Scenarios Where Transferable Skills Data Helps Workforce Boards Get People Back to Work", they outline how this data can be valuable in three common scenarios:
When a factory, plant, or other large employer shuts down, creating a high volume of dislocated workers.
When a worker decides to transition into a new career.
When a jobseeker is considering the pursuit of a particular career.
Texas State Technical College launched the Center for Employability Outcomes. The center is largely built around the Common Skills Language Project, that originated at the Texas Workforce Commission using O*NET data. In an effort to get employers, educators and policymakers on the same page for the purposes of economic development planning, the commission began amassing simple, industry-vetted descriptions of skills sought by employers in Texas.
The Texas Workforce Commission has developed the Detailed Work Activity (DWA) Common Language Project. The O*NET DWA library was the point of departure for the Texas common language initiative. A white paper that documents the underlying philosophies of the project can be found on the site. The document describes the various skills databases that have been developed, the talent management context within which this initiative was originated, and the many potential applications for the DWA data sets. It is written to describe the administrative processes thus far undertaken in Texas to bring a universal skill transferability system to fruition, and to stimulate further thinking about the role of skills in assessing the relationship between worker capabilities and employer hiring requirements.
The SkillsEngine based on the O*NET Content Model, was developed by the Center for Employability Outcomes at Texas State Technical College. The beta version quickly translates text into high quality skills data for any application using the new Competency API.
The Pennsylvania DLI Center for Workforce Information and Analysis has used O*NET skills data to create the Job Skills Currency Calculator. The calculator finds the estimated monetary value of a job skill in occupations. Skills are categorized into four useful groups that can aid in training and career planning and transitions. The four types of job skills used are: Knowledge Areas, General Work Activities, Detail Work Activities, and Tools & Technologies.
The U. S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration used data from the O*NET database for a report on the growing importance of data in the economy. The report identifies occupations where data analysis and processing are central to the work performed and measures the size of employment and earnings in these occupations, as well as in the industries that have the highest concentration of these data occupations.
Texas Cares was developed by the Texas Workforce Commission/Career Development Resources (TWC/CDR) to help dislocated workers transition to new careers. The system includes O*NET Career Exploration Tools, Texas labor market information and integrates skills standards and job analyses to meet the needs of the business community.
To obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the plumbing craft especially in the detail field and what must be emphasized in a plumbing course of study. In conjunction with Holland's Personality Type Test was able to accurately determine the personality type of students in the plumbing class. This information was also useful for researching student's vocational plumbing identity.
TUcareers.com is researching and building an analytic based framework that is built on O*NET and which can enhance the decision support it provides. One of the main goals is the adoption of O*NET in an International and multi cultural context especially for use in emerging economies (like India) where minimal research exists in career and education related decision making.
The O*NET occupational taxonomy is used as a framework for identifying predictors of performance in the United States Air Force roles of remotely-piloted aircraft (RPA) pilot and sensor operator (SO).
Charlotte Works conducts a workshop for job seekers entitled “Using O*NET and mySkills myFuture in your Re-employment Campaign.” The workshop focuses on the O*NET Online Database demonstrating how job seekers can use the site to assist in resume development, career planning, utilization of interest and values assessments, and understanding occupations where they can use their transferable skills. Job seekers also use the partner web site, mySkills myFuture, with a focus on finding employment opportunities. Clients are always amazed to discover the usefulness of the O*NET Online Database for their re-employment campaign. O*NET data is also a primary source for training plan development and determining skills gaps.
HR Avatar has developed pre-employment tests that are based on O*NET’s job analysis data. Each animated test contains a cognitive simulation, a personality inventory, and knowledge questions. The tests are job specific and use O*NET data to determine which traits to measure within each test and to set the relative importance of all measured traits. Hiring managers select the test by job title and can send it to their job applicants. The job-specific tests and O*NET analysis are particularly helpful to small and mid-size companies who do not have the resources to conduct their own job analysis for every position.
Geatecnologia offers Career Assessment in Spanish to students, and professionals. Most users are in Guatemala. O*NET tools are used to explore careers, and teach users how to make the best use of all the information available at O*NET. Responses are also connected to the World of Work Map. The Career Exploration is a tool for users of PERFILA, a career management platform for students looking for Internships, bringing together companies, professors, and students.
JuvodHR has developed employee management software based on the O*NET database. The company’s premise is that software should empower employers to make smarter decisions about their employees so they can focus on their core business. In order for that to happen, JuvodHR built a platform to select and organize data from the O*NET database in a format that allows for generating quick, customized, job descriptions, job-based performance reviews, and corrective action notices. This platform connects a performance review directly to the job description. The software walks the user through the performance appraisal process without the need for an HR professional. A score is delivered at the completion of each performance review along with a ranking of employees by job type, allowing comparisons across the same or different jobs. This is a bonus that is only possible due to O*NET data as the basis for building the original job descriptions and providing the valid framework of consistency.
Purple Briefcase has recently signed up to use the O*NET Web Services to improve their career assessments. O*NET Web Services is an application programming interface (API) developers can use to display O*NET information in their applications and take advantage of tools such as the occupation keyword search featured in My Next Move and O*NET OnLine. Companies can also integrate O*NET tools into their own website or web-enabled application. Purple Briefcase is planning to incorporate the O*NET Interest Profiler within their website to help students choose their career path in today's job market.
Career Direct® Complete Guidance System from Crown Financial Ministries has bee O*NET data ever since it became available on CD-ROM. Its use of O*NET information has been integrated more directly with the guidance system since Career Direct went online a few years ago. Career Direct is a self-administered personality, skills, abilities, interests, and work/life values career guidance system. Because many of the system’s users have job titles with a religious element, Career Direct created a crosswalk, translating religious job titles to the closest O*NET occupations. This is similar to using the O*NET Code Connector between Military Occupational Codes and O*NET occupational codes. The system guides the user into exploring O*NET occupations that most closely align with their talents and personal goals.
NKOKA is a small technician training institution focused on training in a very specialized and technical environment in South Africa. This company used O*NET data related to the occupation Electronics Technicians to structure their training
The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), a government agency attached to the Philippine Department of Labor and Employment, has employed the O*NET Ability Profiler in its aptitude assessments of hundreds of thousands of high school students. In addition, TESDA distributed the O*NET Computerized Interest Profiler to regional, provincial, and district offices, as well as to their training institutions, as part of their e-Profiling program, targeting out-of-school youth, career shifters, course shifters, and unemployed adults.
Assessment Associates International (formerly Human Resource Consultants) has developed the Work Behavior Inventory (WBI), an assessment to measure Work Styles in employees. Work Styles are important characteristics related to competencies that underlie work performance. The WBI assesses Work Styles as defined in the O*NET system and provides the user with information that can be used to:
Manpower, a worldwide provider of high-value staffing services with nearly 1,100 offices in North America and 4,500 offices in 80 countries, provides jobs to 5 million persons every year and services more than 400,000 clients worldwide. The O*NET occupational and skills taxonomy helps Manpower match the right person to the right job. The O*NET system also offers a systematic structure that enhances Manpower’s analysis of the employment marketplace and its tracking of staffing trends. By incorporating O*NET structure into its procedures, Manpower has benefited by being able to:
Piedmont Natural Gas has used O*NET tools to help reduce turnover among entry-level employees. It has used O*NET Career Exploration Tools and occupational data to create a formal system to better match entry-level job applicants’ talents, abilities, and preferences with the duties and working conditions of the jobs for which they are
applying. Part of the project included conducting a job analysis on each job family. In addition to employee surveys, interviews, focus groups, observations, and job-specific training materials. Detailed Reports from the O*NET OnLine Web site provided information about the necessary knowledges, skills, and abilities for the targeted
CRESMET is the Center for Research on Education in
Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology at Arizona State University. CRESMET developed me3, an online tool that connects students’ results from a picture-based interest assessment corresponding to the O*NET Interest Profiler-Short Form with O*NET occupations linked to the resulting student interest profiles. The tool also directs students to related programs and ASU campuses.
Experience Works is a national, charitable, community-based organization and the nation’s leading provider of training, employment, and community service for low-income older people.
The primary program offered by Experience Works is
the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP). This program, funded in part under Title V of the Older Americans Act, provides help to thousands of low-income individuals age 55 and older. Seniors benefit from training, counseling, and community service assignments at faith-based and community organizations prior to transitioning
into the workforce. At Experience Works in Nebraska, O*NET information is used to create employment plans. Using O*NET OnLine, seniors can research job requirements, match requirements with their skills, define skill gaps, explore related occupations, and get help writing resumes.
The Ohio Career Information System (OCIS) provides accurate, comprehensive, current, and relevant occupational information to four target groups: middle-schoolers, high-schoolers, college students, and adult/agency users. Each version of the system is tailored to the needs of the specific group. This well-designed Web site includes special features, such as Spanish translations of the O*NET Interest Profiler and Work Importance Locator. Highlights include information on O*NET New and Emerging occupations, such as Music Therapists and Nanotechnologists, and occupational interviews with interview questions on how the occupation is going “green.”
ORCA, the Occupational Researcher's Computer Assistant, a computer application was distributed by the State of Washington Employment Security Department to workforce development professionals. Occupational information featured
in ORCA was extracted from O*NET. By combining an existing FoxPro software program with the O*NET database, the ORCA Team was able to deploy the new system at minimal cost, in record time. The program helped users to develop career options and generates a complete career development plan.
The Personal Success & Leadership Institute
has developed the Personal Success & Leadership Workshop. This free service was created primarily for high school students, but is also available online to any adult who wishes to chart a path to success. The career exploration portion of the workshop uses the O*NET Interest Profiler as well as other links to O*NET Web sites.
ACT, formerly the American College Testing Program, conducted a study (ACT, 2006) showing that high school students who plan to enter workforce training programs after they graduate need math and reading skills similar to those of college-bound students. For the study, ACT looked at O*NET job zone 3 occupations that:
These occupations generally require some combination of vocational training and on-the-
job experience or an associate's degree. They include electricians, construction workers,
upholsterers, and plumbers.
ACT then compared academic skill levels of profiled job zone 3 occupations with the College Readiness Benchmarks established for the ACT test. The results show that the levels of math and reading skills needed for success in the first year of college are comparable to those needed by high school graduates to enter 90 percent of the profiled occupations.
Based on this study, ACT urges high school educators to offer students a common academic program that prepares them for both post-secondary education and workforce training programs.
Rotman Research Institute used O*NET data for a National Institutes of Health study on occupation attributes and dementia. The O*NET database proved to be an invaluable resource, providing comparable variables across a wide range of occupations. The database provided a basis for the assessment of the characteristics of patients' occupations and for the subsequent task of relating these characteristics to cognitive style and brain degeneration in various forms of dementia.
Seattle Washington Public Schools used O*NET data in its Health and Human Services Pathway program. Career educators used O*NET occupational information to structure their work in reorganizing courses of study. For the occupations in their curriculum, they used the common language of O*NET data to support the content a course should include. Educators also considered crediting courses across Pathways. For example, they might have identified a Career and Technical Education course that also fulfilled a requirement in art, social studies, or English by looking for O*NET abilities, skills, and work contexts that are common across multiple Pathways.
The Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (ETA) is working with business leaders, educators, and others to develop comprehensive industry competency models in economically important industries. Competency models are used for developing curricula, selecting training materials, setting licensure and certification requirements, writing job descriptions, recruiting and hiring, and performance reviews.
Part of ETA’s effort includes a database of competency-based resources providing information for use in regional economic and workforce development projects. The database includes resources such as sample curricula, assessment instruments, skill standards, and apprenticeship work process schedules. When the resources are related to an occupation, a link is provided to that occupation in the O*NET database, providing
access to the knowledges, skills, and abilities needed to perform the work.
The database resources provided are linked to industries that are economically important,
projected to have long-term growth, or are being transformed by technology and innovation. They include the following.
The Maine Department of Labor used O*NET information in their effort to attract new
business to the state. Businesses provided descriptions of the jobs they need to fill and the
Maine Department of Labor searched O*NET data to match occupations to the knowledges, skills, and abilities provided in the job descriptions. In addition, small businesses were helped to develop their employees through training strategies based on O*NET occupational skills information.
O*NET information has also been used by the state of Maine to help dislocated workers make informed decisions about employment opportunities after a layoff. Based on a comparison of knowledges, skills, and abilities, the jobs the workers were leaving were first linked to O*NET occupations in order to identify likely opportunities requiring
similar skills. O*NET information was supplemented
with state-level wage information, job openings, and information about retraining possibilities so workers could choose reemployment opportunities best suited to them.
Another use of O*NET data was employed for a boat builder in Maine who needed to move his operation to reach a workforce with the new skills and technological knowledge required for a changing industry. The Maine Department of Labor helped identify alternative locations by first linking the skills required for boat building to O*NET
occupations. Then, Labor Market Information (LMI) occupational data showed where in the state the labor market included people working in these occupations. The company decided to relocate to one of those areas.
The Oklahoma Employment Services Commission presents O*NET overviews to business councils and at job fairs and incorporates O*NET OnLine into Job Skills Workshops. Employers are shown how to use the Oklahoma Job Link system to code their job openings with a standard O*NET-SOC code. During the Job Skills Workshops, job seekers explore the skills data in O*NET OnLine and learn how to use O*NET Details Reports to help them build resumes.
The Texas Labor Market and Career Information Department (LMCI) has infused all of its occupational information products with the O*NET database. One application is the Strategic Workforce Assessment Project (SWAP). SWAP uses the O*NET Detailed Work Activities (DWA) database as a proxy for occupational skill sets in the effort to identify the critical workforce needs of
the state’s industry cluster initiative. LMCI staff performed an extensive analysis of how DWAs could be used as a foundation for an Internet application that automates a process of analyzing industry clusters, creating custom cluster staffing patterns, and building occupational skill sets. Related efforts include the assignment of DWAs to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) and the regionalization of the O*NET DWA statements to match Texas employer hiring requirements. The goal is for Texas economic development programs to identify key industry clusters in their regions, to know the critical occupations for those clusters, and then to identify specific work activities that regional education and training systems must provide. SWAP’s goal is to connect education and the economy through an integrated data system. O*NET data provided a solid foundation on which to base this project.
The West Virginia Rehabilitation Center used O*NET Online to help clients with career exploration. Many clients are students (ages 15-23) who are transitioning from school to work. Students used the Web-based tool to search on keywords related to occupational interests. Because students often have incomplete information about occupations, the data in O*NET OnLine filled out their perspective about the skills and training required for an occupation and provided links to wages and employment outlooks. Adults with disabilities also used O*NET information to transition to jobs using related skills. A firefighter who had been seriously injured on the job discovered through O*NET OnLine that he had skills similar to insurance adjustors. He found a job with an insurance firm that needed adjustors to investigate fire-related claims.
U21Global is an internationally recognized online graduate school, backed by a network of 21 leading universities in 11 countries. Included in the list of participating universities are Lund University in Sweden, Korea University in South Korea, Tecnológico de Monterrey in Mexico, and the University of Melbourne in Australia. U21Global students come from 60 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas. U21Global’s MBA program has been awarded the European Foundation for Management Development
(EFMD) accreditation for technology-enhanced Learning (CEL). U21Global offers an Operations Management course which links students to the O*NET OnLine summary report for General and Operations Managers.
Northwest Wisconsin Concentrated Employment Program, Inc. is a private non-profit agency that provides One-Stop Career Center services focused on the needs of businesses. It also serves job seekers and youth in 10 counties. The agency uses O*NET resources in multiple ways to help these diverse clients. To help businesses, O*NET information is often used as a starting point for customizing employer profiles and preparing job descriptions. O*NET data may also be used when employers seek their help with other human resources needs, such as succession plans and out-placement activities during downsizing or reorganizations.
Indiana Workforce Development is responding to dramatic shifts in the economy by helping workers transfer their skills from a declining occupation to one that is in economic demand. This workforce development agency uses the O*NET database as a primary tool for making multiple comparisons which identify where knowledges, skills, and abilities overlap or where gaps exist across occupations. When the Northern Indiana recreational vehicle industry declined, the skills of laid-off workers were compared with skills required to perform growth occupations in the region. Then community colleges in the area could develop curricula to train displaced workers in the skills that demand occupations require and that are currently lacking in the regional workforce. Skills that workers transferred from their former jobs paired with “gap skills” developed through new training prepared workers for jobs related to orthopedic products and medical devices manufacturing.
WorkSource in Florida is presenting O*NET Online resources to veterans in their Transitioning Assistance Program (TAP). Veterans are shown how to use O*NET information for identification of skills and resume development. The thorough understanding of occupational knowledges, skills, and abilities that veterans gain from O*NET OnLine custom reports improves their interview skills and helps them to overcome barriers to civilian employment.
Profiles International (PI) is one of several assessment companies that incorporates O*NET data in customized workforce development tools for public- and private-sector use. PI’s products are designed to help businesses improve their hiring practices, reduce turnover rates and costs, and enhance workforce harmony and performance. O*NET information is used extensively with the company’s clients, including a number of public workforce agencies. In PI’s system, job seekers begin with an assessment of their “soft skills,” such as job behavioral traits, thinking style, and occupational interests. Their results are matched to O*NET occupations and presented in a Career Compatibility Report. The report lists occupations that may be a good fit, explains how to use O*NET OnLine to obtain more information about the occupations, and explains the results of the assessment. PI sets up private Web sites for its clients on which managers can post their
job openings and screen for suitable applicants. In addition, the site describes O*NET OnLine and how to use O*NET information in drafting position descriptions and in other human resources activities. This resource is especially helpful to small and mid-size companies without large human resources departments or formal position descriptions.
Trustmark Insurance Company uses O*NET OnLine to collect information on job titles, tasks, skills, and to access salary data. Human resources personnel use this information to describe tasks associated with sales support activities and to align managers’ job titles with appropriate occupations across industries. O*NET occupational
descriptions and data help to determine appropriate salary ranges for company positions
and provide validation of company salary survey data.
Wonderlic is an organization that provides employment process solutions to thousands of employers worldwide. Wonderlic supports the entire employment process, from online recruiting to exit interviews. The Wonderlic Basic Skills Test (WBST) measures a candidate’s basic verbal and math skills based upon job requirements. Wonderlic Basic Skills Test content and results are directly tied to the O*NET database.
The California County of Humboldt Employment Training Division uses O*NET occupational information to assist people with disabilities and those on public assistance. O*NET Career Exploration Tools help clients get a comprehensive picture of their fit with the world of work. Employers and potential employees are encouraged to consider the many facets of work other than basic skills. The training division presents classes to employees of social service branches, describing how to use O*NET OnLine to serve their clients.
Florida Agency for Workforce Innovation uses O*NET information for job matching, reemployment analysis, and business recruitment. O*NET data is embedded in FRED, the Florida Research and Economic Database. One key application is preparing labor supply studies for business recruitment. O*NET also plays a large role in Florida’s Reemployment LMI One-Stop Workshop. The workshop trains workforce development professionals to use the appropriate O*NET data sets and complementary tools for reemployment analysis: selecting the right tools, evaluating current skills, discovering transferable skills, studying related occupations, and finding growth industries. Workshop participants learn how to overlay pertinent local labor market information on the data from these dimensions of occupational information. The workshop enables staff members to help job seekers, employers, and workforce professionals to meet their respective challenges.
Washington State Employment Security Department offers a free Web site with Five Tools for Rapid Reemployment. It provides a comprehensive system for job searchers with three of the five tools linked to the O*NET database. Users can identify their specific job skills and match them to employers across a wide range of industries that use these basic skills. The site also allows users to identify O*NET occupational codes that are similar to their recent employment experiences. By comparing recent experiences with similar occupations, the user can identify and address skills gaps to make themselves more marketable.
In Texas, Workforce Solutions Alamo and the Alamo Community Colleges use My Next Move and My Next Move for Veterans in their virtual career and placement center, MyAlamoCareer.org. Visitors navigate the center from virtual room to room, accessing career exploration, job search, and educational resources to guide them in their choice of job or career. The virtual Career Assessment Lab features My Next Move as a career exploration resource. In the Veterans Services Room, users may access My Next Move for Veterans to guide them in their transition to the civilian workforce.
Health and medical science career exploration with
LifeWorks™ is accomplished through an interactive career development Web site operated by the
National Institutes of Health’s Office of Science Education. Driven by O*NET data, the LifeWorks search engine, or Career Finder, offers an array of information on more than 100 health and medical science careers. Staff designed the Web site for middle school and high school students, parents, mentors, teachers, and guidance counselors. As a first step, students scan a list of O*NET Job Families and select the ones that most interest them. Second, they identify the kinds of jobs that suit their interests, using the O*NET interest categories. Third, they select skills they have or want to acquire. The Career Finder then generates a customized list of health-related careers, with brief descriptions, matching the students’ selections. By clicking on a title, students can view job-specific information on the summary page. If they like, they can access details about the occupation, including employment outlook, salary, suggested high school courses, related careers, and more.
Temple University’s Center for Professional Development in Career and Technical Education
in Pennsylvania supports professional growth and l
earning among all levels of educators who work with career-bound students. The center offers certification and degree programs for secondary career and technical education teachers, curriculum supervisors, cooperative education coordinators, and career and technical school directors in the 17 counties of eastern Pennsylvania. Center faculty and staff incorporate O*NET OnLine in their courses on program planning and evaluation, curriculum development, and cooperative education. They also use it as an aid in structuring occupational
competency assessment committee reviews. With its wealth of data on occupations, O*NET OnLine provides a reliable and readily accessible resource for planning and evaluating programs and developing curricula in career and technical education.
The Virginia Education Wizard, a Web site launched in March 2009, was developed by
Virginia’s community colleges to bring together information about careers, curriculum, and financial assistance. The site provides adaptations of the O*NET Interest Profiler and the O*NET Work Importance Locator to help students
find suitable careers and educational programs that match their selections. The Web site also offers O*NET occupational descriptions to students exploring career options. The community college system hopes the site will encourage more adults to pursue higher education in high-
growth career fields.
Women Employed,a national advocate for women's economic advancement, developed Career Coach, a free online career development tool that helps
adults explore career options, define career goals, identify education and training resources, and make step-by-step plans to reach their goals. The Web-based program provides users with occupational data available from the O*NET database. It also provides an online version of the O*NET Interest Profiler.
The Association of College and Research Libraries, a division of the American Library Association, provided the following information on the O*NET Web sites in their C&RL News.
Job seekers, students, workers, employment professionals, counselors, and others interested in exploring occupations and careers will find this site a great place to start.
Central Michigan University (CMU) has used O*NET Content Model domains, including Interests and Skills, to develop their Focus 2 online assessment. Focus 2 combines self-assessment, career and major exploration, decision making and action planning in one comprehensive resource. Aligned with CMU majors, assessment results are matched to career options and academic programs offered at CMU.
The John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development is located at the Edward J.
Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. The center teaches the use of O*NET information in its Working Ahead: The National Workforce and Career Development Curriculum. This credentialed 120-hour curriculum teaches career counseling and guidance to front-line staff in workforce development, community organizations, and community colleges. Working with a network of state departments of education and state career resource networks, the Heldrich Center is developing a training guide and student manual so that counselors and education staff can learn to use the O*NET database as a career exploration tool for middle school, high school, and college-level students.
The National Academies of Sciences is evaluating O*NET information as a tool for making important human-capital decisions. As part of its research on changing worker requirements, the National Academies of Sciences commissioned a paper by the Human Resources Research Organization (HumRRO) to investigate the feasibility of O*NET information to assess changing worker skill requirements. The paper describes the key elements of the O*NET system, and provides examples of the many ways O*NET has been used by the education, public, and business communities to improve workforce decisions. The paper concludes that O*NET is a rich and important data source that can be used in many different ways to assess changing skills necessary for workers to be successful in today's workplace.
CANEDCOM, a Canadian international education development company based in Toronto, is working to install a Career and Vocational Guidance System for the Ministry of Education in Oman in the Middle East. They are using the O*NET Interest Profiler as part of their project to provide career guidance services for high school students, college and vocational training center graduates, and other job seekers. After pilot tests resulted in dissatisfaction with other assessments, CANEDCOM selected the O*NET Interest
Profiler because it is an “internationally accepted instrument that has been tested for
reliability and validity.” The features that are most desirable for their purposes are:
AZCIS is a career information system offered by the Arizona Department of Education. The Web site provides education, career, and occupation information to middle school, high school, college, and adult students in both English and Spanish formats. The O*NET career tools and database are essential components of the career exploration process offered by AZCIS.
The National External Diploma Program (NEDP) is a program of the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (CASAS) which provides assessment and evaluation systems for adult education and workforce programs in the public and private sector. NEDP is a unique way for adult students to earn a high school diploma. Students who have acquired many of their high school level abilities through work, family, and
community experiences can complete a high school diploma, opening the way to postsecondary education and improved employment options. In July 2010, the National External Diploma Program (NEDP) selected the O*NET Career Exploration Tools as the only official occupational tools for use by its students. Students using the career tools receive results correlated to the up-to-date, detailed, and comprehensive occupational information provided by the O*NET database.
Designed by the State Department of Labor, the
New York CareerZone Web site is an O*NET delivery system that has revolutionized the way New Yorkers access career information. The NYCareerZone system is now a statewide resource for teachers,
counselors, and career center staff. The system engages students and job seekers in career
exploration and helps them develop their skills in
career planning. Users build electronic
portfolios linked to state learning objectives and
O*NET-SOC occupational information.
NYCareerZone developers incorporated the O*NET Interest Profiler and Skills Search
capabilities into the portfolios to help students identify their interests and relate these
interests to appropriate career possibilities. Using job profiles drawn from the O*NET
database, students can explore specific occupations. The profiles include state-specific
wage and outlook information related to the O*NET-SOC occupations and include a link
to a state college database.
CareerJournal.com, the Wall Street JournalExecutive Career Site, conducted a study designed to identify the “best careers,” those occupations for which workers report a high degree of satisfaction. CareerJournal contracted the polling firm Harris Interactive to survey workers about their jobs, whether they were satisfied, and what job qualities contributed to their satisfaction. Four factors emerged for jobs held by highly satisfied workers: intellectual stimulation, strong job security, high level of control and freedom of action, and extensive direct contact with customers or clients. After identifying the common factors reported by highly satisfied workers, CareerJournal used occupational data in the O*NET database, looking for O*NET occupations with high ratings related to three of the four contributing factors. (Job security was evaluated with BLS employment projections.) CareerJournal identified eight occupations providing the most satisfying work experience:
CareerDNA is an online career assessment with robust skills analysis and temperament assessments. It helps students and those in transition to assess their own strengths, interests, and possible career paths based on the O*NET database. It provides users a comprehensive picture of personality, demonstrated skills, and career interests.
A study by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York
titled Human Capital and Economic Activity in Urban America (Abel & Gabe, 2008) examined the relationship between human capital (educational attainment and other knowledge measures) and
economic activity in U.S. metropolitan areas. The following is from their study.
To arrive at the knowledge variables used in our analysis, we matched occupational categories between the O*NET system and 2000 U.S. Census. In many cases, we combined multiple O*NET occupations into a single Census category. Following the general approach used by Ingram and Neumann (2006) and Lakdawalla and Philipson (2007), we utilized the average value of the knowledge importance or level across multiple occupations in the O*NET data. With this information then available for 470 Census occupations, we calculated a knowledge index that is the product of the knowledge importance and the
knowledge level. Feser (2003) used the same approach, noting that it places a greater emphasis on high knowledge that is relevant to a given occupation.
Harvard Business School students conducted a study (Hanna, 2008), to assess the potential for the offshoring of more than 800 occupations in the U.S. economy. The O*NET database served as the source of occupational information for the study on descriptors such as tasks, knowledges, and skills. The student researchers considered the
information in the O*NET database and then rated occupations on a scale of 1 to 100 depending on whether the occupations’ tasks could easily be performed offshore. The students estimated that between 21 and 42 percent of all U.S. jobs are potentially offshorable.
Martin Prosperity Institute conducted research to examine the relationship between wages and the skills required in the workforce within a regional area. Using the O*NET database, they performed a cluster analysis to identify three broad skill types - analytical, social intelligence, and physical skills. They also
conducted a regression analysis using O*NET data to quantify how each skill contributes to regional prosperity. The institute found that analytical and social intelligence skills have a significant positive relationship with regional wages, while physical skills have a negative relationship. In addition, their research found that analytical skills are more closely related to regional wages than are social intelligence skills. They also determined that analytical and social intelligence skills increasingly result in positive impacts on wages over time and that the
positive impact of physical skills on wages has decreased over time.
The Editorial Projects in Educational Research Center, a non-profit tax-exempt organization, conducted a study published online in Education Week. The study, Learning and Earning (Swanson, 2007), was part of the Diplomas Count series which is supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The study examined the relationship
between education and pay using the O*NET database
and data obtained from the 2005 American Community Survey. The study was based on the strong correlation between educational attainment and O*NET job zones. Results showed that only a small percent of people working in low job zones have attained the levels of education or training
associated with high job zones and vice versa. Researchers looked at median incomes within each of the five O*NET Job Zones. One of their findings was that median incomes for workers in Job Zone 1 occupations are about 20 percent of the median income for workers in Job Zone 5 occupations.
The Center for Hospitality Research of Cornell University conducted a study titled, Ability versus Personality: Factors that Predict Em
ployee Job Performance (Tracey, Sturman & Tews, 2007). The researchers used O*NET definitions, education and training requirements, tasks, and required knowledges, skills, and abilities as part of their research to test the hypothesis that cognitive ability is more important for predicting performance among inexperienced employees than among experienced employees in frontline restaurant jobs. In addition, they hypothesized that conscientiousness was more valid for predicting performance among experienced employees than inexperienced employees. These hypotheses were supported in their research.
The Workforce Investment Board of Southwest Missouri was called on to provide data to attract a germanium wafer (a solar cell semiconductor component) manufacturer to Quapaw, Oklahoma. Oklahoma is part of a four-state WIRED region, so workforce data on all four states was analyzed, using EMSI’s labor market tool, Strategic Advantage. Strategic Advantage uses O*NET data to define the knowledges, skills, and abilities available to employers in a region. With this data, the WIB was able to clearly demonstrate the skills and availability of workers in the area. The manufacturer was convinced that the small town of Quapaw had the necessary workforce, resulting in a $51 million investment and 250 new jobs.
The AARP Public Policy Institute and the Urban Institute examined how job demands have changed over time and what they might look like in the future. In the paper, Employment at Older Ages and the Changing Nature of Work(Johnson, Mermin,
& Resseger, 2007), the authors link detailed information on occupational characteristics
from the O*NET database to the March 1971 and March 2006 Current Population Surveys. They found a sharp decline in the physical demands of jobs and the prevalence of difficult working conditions over the past 35 years. They also found that jobs have become more stressful and cognitively challenging. The implications of the study suggest that the decline in physical job demands increases the opportunities for older people to remain at work. However, more stressful, cognitively demanding jobs complicate the picture. The study proposes that the changing nature of work will likely promote old-age
employment for most people, or at least not interfere with longer work lives.
The Iowa Data Dissemination Bureau provides occupational publications and web reports for employers, job seekers, educators, and economic developers. The publications cover data such as the fastest growing jobs by educational achievement level, the top skill sets, high demand and high wage occupations, and education/training requirements. O*NET occupational skills data, by level of importance and education and training requirements, are used for these projects.
The National Center on Education and the Economy
prepared a background paper for the New Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce. The paper, America in the Global Economy(Uhalde & Strohl, 2006), merges O*NET occupational data with earnings and education data provided by the Current Population Survey (CPS) to identify competencies and skills which are highly valued by employers. The paper goes on to describe a model for determining the probability of off-shoring jobs based on similar
merging of O*NET occupational attributes and CPS data.
The Research and Analysis arm of Indiana’s Department of Workforce Development completed a study (Leeuw, 2008) designed to guide individuals, educators, and workforce professionals in identifying occupations that share similar skills. The study used O*NET skills data to create a new career cluster model that emphasizes relationships between seemingly unrelated industries and occupations. These clusters are being used to prioritize and focus resources on programs and curricula that support pathways to emerging high wage and high demand occupations.
A researcher in the Department of Management and Organizations at the Tippie College of Business
in Iowa headed a team doing research to validate the WorkKeys Fit Assessment, a tool which uses occupational interests and work values to measure person-occupation congruence. The team used the O*NET database to develop and validate the
assessment. Results of their work suggest that the
fit between person and occupation predicts positive work attitudes and outcomes. This
relationship is a useful concept that can be applied to personnel staffing. Organizations
which include an interest-values assessment of person-occupation congruence may increase job satisfaction, job match, and job commitment among their employees.
At the Workshop on Research Evidence Related to Future Skill Demands, the National Research Council Center for Education presented a paper, Projecting the Impact of Computers on Work in 2030 (Elliott, 2007). This paper describes an approach to projecting new workplace skill demands based on increased use of computers in the
decades to come. An analysis of the impact of comp
uter technology on future skills used the O*NET database to provide definitions, anchoring tasks for ability levels, and occupational ratings for the set of human abilities that are broadly relevant to work. The 21 results of the analysis suggested that a serious and sustained effort is needed to project and prepare the American workforce for the extensive changes that are likely to occur as computers continue to displace human activity in the workplace.
The Alabama Department of Rehabilitation incorporated O*NET information into their Employment Institute, a two-part training program required for everyone who provides direct services to clients. Trainees are shown how to use O*NET OnLine to address the vocational goals of clients, looking at tasks, skills required, work environments and potential barriers. Training also shows counselors how to use the
O*NET Code Connector to link a client’s past job title to an appropriate O*NET occupation.
To address the pressing need for talented and skilled computer 3-D graphic artists and traditional animators, California’s Employment Development Department (CA EDD) conducted an industry study with the endorsement of the California Skillsnet Consortium. O*NET’s survey data collection instruments and other materials were used in the study. Relying on O*NET data, human resources personnel modified local training and education initiatives to help close the gap between industry needs and local workers’ skills. Training programs defined the skills and requirements for the evolving occupations of computer 3-D graphic artists and traditional animators. State and local leaders forged important partnerships with local establishments, educators, WIBs, community-based organizations, and other stakeholders to meet industry demands and develop needed talent.
The CAEDD also assisted workers at Boeing's
Monrovia, California plant as Boeing prepared to close the plant in response to changing business needs. CAEDD staff used the O*NET's Skills Survey to interview workers, identifying the skills used in their jobs. The skills information was used with the O*NET database and state and local labor market information to create a report describing how Boeing employees could use their skills in
jobs outside the aircraft manufacturing industry.
California Labor Market Information (LMI) has used O*NET information as part of the state’s rapid response to mass layoffs. LMI’s guide for workforce development professionals assists dislocated workers in reevaluating their skills and relating those skills to other occupations, particularly in high-demand fields and among new and emerging jobs. The guide outlines a step-by-step process enabling a dislocated worker to build an occupational profile with Skills Search and Detailed Reports in O*NET OnLine,
together with multiple LMI data sources. From the Detailed Reports pages, an applicant copies and pastes Task statements, Detailed Work Activities, and other descriptors used to enhance resumes. Skills Search is used to compare the applicant’s job skills to similar skills in new careers.
CareerOneStop, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, offers job seekers, students, businesses, and workforce professionals the most comprehensive set of career resources and workforce information
on the Web. O*NET products are integrated throughout the site, including the O*NET database, O*NET Career Exploration Tools, and O*NET Tools and Technology (T2).
The Connecticut Department of Labor used O*NET data to respond to the Workforce Investment Act requirements that states assess (1) current and future job opportunities in the state, (2) the skills necessary to obtain these jobs, and (3) the skills necessary to meet the economic development needs of the state. To meet these requirements, it collected and analyzed labor market information and published an extensive report. O*NET Skills and skill descriptions were used in the report sections describing skills necessary for Connecticut’s high-demand occupations and industry sectors important for state economic development.
The Job Skills Transfer Assessment Tool (JobSTAT)
is a Web-based tool offered by the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. Users begin by entering the title of their current or previous job, or selecting an occupation title from a list of O*NET occupations. JobSTAT matches the user’s marketable skill attributes against existing job openings that require similar skills.
JobZone is a career information and management system for adult job seekers used in all
of New York’s regional One-Stop Employment Centers. The JobZone system provides
information on over 900 occupations from the O*NET database, including military titles.
JobZone tools allow users to assess career values,interests, and skills and apply the
results to the job search process. There have been over one million portfolio accounts created within the two New York systems – JobZone and CareerZone (a career
exploration system targeted to students)
The Maryland Career Development Association offers an online course titled, Using O*NET in Your Work as Career Advisors. The course is self-paced and instructs users on the most important components of O*NET OnLine information for their work with clients. The course covers topics such as Using the O*NET Descriptor Search, Finding Tools and Technology Used in Occupations, Helping Military Transition to the Civilian
World of Work Using Crosswalk, and Help People Make a Career Transition Using Their Skills. Professional development credit is awarded for completion of the course.
The Maryland Division of Rehabilitation Services
provides career exploration services in the Workforce & Technology Center. Clients learn about their values, interests, talents, and abilities by using a variety of assessments. O*NET OnLine provides an avenue to use this information to explore careers. The convenience of a Web-based system allows clients who have difficulty coming in to a state office the option of doing research at home and sending results to the office via email.
The Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development created the Occupational Transferability Analyzer (OTA) using O*NET knowledge, skills, and abilities data. The OTA computes a single transferability score that allows users to consider the feasibility of moving from one occupation to another. The score ranges from -100 to +100 and provides a measure of the comparability between two different
occupations based on knowledge, skill, and ability
The Montana State Human Resource Division relies on O*NET information for employee classification using their broadband classification system. The detailed occupational information in the O*NET database determines the most appropriate title
and placement for a given position. O*NET information is compared to the tasks in position descriptions and to required competencies. State job titles and codes are aligned with the O*NET taxonomy to expedite the use of O*NET data for classification and compensation. When government job titles are difficult to match, O*NET task lists, knowledges, skills, abilities, and work activities assist in making needed distinctions.
mySkills myFuture is a Web site sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Workforce Investment. The site functions as a skills transferability tool, helping laid-off workers and other career changers find new occupations and job openings to explore. Users enter the title of a current or previous job. The Web site responds with a list of occupations related to their experience through O*NET data on skills, knowledges, and abilities. Users can compare the list of occupations, view occupation details and compare skill requirements, learn about related licenses and apprenticeship programs, and apply
for jobs in their local area.
The Newton Transformation Council, in Newton, Iowa, used a U.S. Department of Labor Regional Innovation Grant (RIG) to respond to the closing of the region’s biggest employer, Maytag. Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. (EMSI) was contracted to provide an analysis of the characteristics of the available workforce, using their O*NET-based analysis system. Relying on the results of the analysis, regional leaders were able to recruit alternative energy and high tech companies. Within two years, 1,200 jobs have
been developed within industries such as wind turbine blade and steel tower manufacturing, utilities, and information technology companies.
The Office of Foreign Labor Certification within the U.S. Department of Labor/Employment & Training Administration has developed policy guidelines that require state workforce agencies to utilize the O*NET database, including O*NET Job
Zones, in determining prevailing wage levels for applications by employers wishing to hire foreign workers. The O*NET database is used to determine the appropriate occupational classification, based on the requirements stated in the employer’s job offer. O*NET Job Zones help with wage determinations by categorizing occupations into levels of experience, education, and training required for the job.
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) used O*NET information as presented in the Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. (EMSI) Career Pathways tool to evaluate workforce competencies in northeastern Mississippi. Rebecca Houchin, TVA Research Manager, describes how Career Pathways was able to show that competencies of workers in the declining furniture industry in northeastern Mississippi were 98% compatible with the needs of the auto industry. As a result, a Toyota plant was brought to northeastern Mississippi, providing employment to displaced workers.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in El Salvador, through its Economic Growth Office, issued a Request for Task Order Proposal (RFTOP) to implement a workforce development program titled “Enhancing Skills of Salvadorans in the New Century.” The objective of this Task Order is to improve the
functioning of the Salvadoran labor market by matching the country’s supply of skilled workers with private sector demands for labor. Occupational research could be used to jump-start curriculum development processes and provide trainers with industry experience and standards. USAID suggests that adapting O*NET classifications of occupational knowledges, skills, and abilities would be one way to help trainers to effectively design curriculum and skills assessments for their trainees.
Washington State Department of Personnel offers a Web site for human resources professionals, managers and supervisors, and state employees. In a section on competencies – “the measurable or observable knowledge, skills, abilities, and behaviors (KSABs) critical to successful job performance,” the site relies heavily on O*NET
descriptions, data, and questionnaires – providing users with links to related O*NET Websites.
A developer in India wrote to O*NET Customer Service with the following remarks: “I am interested in the copy of software codes of the
career exploration tools - Computerized Interest Profiler (CIP), Ability Profiler (AP) and Work Importance Profiler (WIP). As a counselor, I have been working in the field of education and career guidance for a number of years in Chandigarh (Northern part of India). I have plans to launch a
career planning and development website to streamline and expand my business operations. I intend to adapt these tools with my system, so that I may be able to use it to help students make an ideal career choice to match their interests and values.”
The corporation, Business and Legal Reports, uses O*NET data in the Job Description Manager module of its HR.BLR.com Web site. O*NET descriptors included in the Job Description Manager are occupation title, position summary, tasks, skills, attributes, and experience and education.
Campus ToolKit, a product of Corvus LLC, includes a variety of modules to help students on campus assess their personality, manage their time and finances, and develop paths to success. The O*NET database, as well as the Work Importance Profiler and the Computerized Interest Profiler are integrated into modules of the ToolKit.
CareerNoodle by Transcend Innovation Group
provides an online suite of career exploration and planning tools for middle, high school, and college students. CareerNoodle relies on modern learning theories and human-computer interaction
principles so that students are engaged, motivated, and in control of their career
exploration process. Interactive activities to measure student work interests and values are adapted from the O*NET Career Exploration Tools. Occupational data comes from the O*NET database.
Transcend Innovation Group’s David Burns says, "We
use O*NET data and the career exploration tools. ...Thanks for providing us with such wonderful
tools and information!"
Career Ready 101 by KeyTrain is a program designed to provide an efficient and comprehensive career design/build experience for administrators, instructors, and students. The program addresses all aspects of career readiness training in one integrated system. O*NET data and O*NET career exploration tools are important components of the system. KeyTrain’s Stan Brodka says, "We have been tremendously impressed with
the up-to-date nature and accuracy of O*NET data.
This is the sort of element that helps learners see how their activities in KeyTrain and Career Ready 101 link to the real world. It adds real relevance in learning and is a great enhancement to our products."
Corporate Gray Online is a Web site devoted to linking employers with transitioning or former military personnel. The online tool complements the organization’s military-to-civilian career transition books and Corporate Gray job fairs. The Web site provides users with a link to the O*NET OnLine Crosswalk Search. Users enter a military job code or 35 title and may view detailed occupational data on related civilian occupations.
Choices360® by XAP provides the tools needed for students to build personalized plans for college and careers. An online career information delivery system, Choices360® integrates O*NET data, as well as the O*NET Career Exploration Tools, into their online program. XAP has included Spanish translations of all O*NET components so the system can be used by both English and Spanish speakers.
Data Frenzy’s Gadball.com is a free career portal for job seekers and One Stop Centers. One feature of Gadball.com is the Resume Builder, integrated with O*NET data to provide expertly written text describing occupational responsibilities, duties, and tasks. With one click, job seekers can add any of this text to their resumes, creating a
professional, detailed resume in minutes. Resumes are given a score identifying how well the content of the resume fits the selected occupational category. The program provides
tips for improving low scores. GadBall.com also provides an O*NET interest assessment which links clients to relevant O*NET occupations.
Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. (EMSI) has developed a system that allows users to target competency gaps through a unique way of visualizing the makeup of occupations. Using O*NET knowledges, skills, and abilities data, EMSI’s Strategic Advantage is a Web-based analysis platform for use by workforce development and education professionals. It provides the data needed to help these professionals make informed decisions necessary for regional growth and development.
EMSI JobFinder uses O*NET data to help unemployed workers look for jobs in their current fields, understand how their current competencies might transition to another career, or look for a local training provider that will help them build on their current skill set.
Kuder Journey offers an intuitive Web site with personalized content which helps job seekers plan for a career, make a career change, and keep their career on track. Users can easily navigate a flexible step-by-step process to take career assessments, explore new options using their transferable skills, make plans to further their education and training, prepare for job opportunities, and develop a shareable e-Portfolio. Kuder Journey relies on O*NET occupational data.
Metrix Learning SkillUp is a service designed for the One Stop system that provides job seekers with unlimited access to over 5,000 courses to upgrade their current skills and learn new skills. SkillUp integrates online course delivery with skill assessments, helping clients set job goals using O*NET information and connecting to local job opportunities.
MyPlan.com is a comprehensive preparation Web site for school curriculum planning and career exploration. It presents valuable information to job seekers and students who want to make informed career-planning decisions. It is integrated with O*NET data as well as career videos and salary statistics in an easy-to-view format.
OptimalResume™ provides colleges and universities with a customizable, comprehensive, Web-based application for students to create, present, and manage resumes. OptimalResume has integrated portions of the O*NET database into their online application. Students can reference O*NET information to create targeted resumes for specific employers and occupations. The Web application makes it easy to search careers by job family, high growth industry, or STEM discipline and view key occupational information, such as required tasks, knowledges, skills, abilities, and work activities.
SkillSoft Courseware has created a product integrated with the METRIX Learning Platform (a system based on the O*NET database) which provides job seekers an efficient way to seek online learning and training opportunities through One Stop Centers. Job seekers at One Stop Centers can electronically assess their job skills, identify skill gaps, and develop a learning plan related to their occupational goals. The skills needed to perform occupations in the O*NET database have been mapped to more
than 5,000 SkillSoft online courses, making it easy for job seekers to identify and minimize skill gaps. Through this innovative system at One Stop Centers, state governments are providing job seekers the technology-based training they need to fill skill gaps and reenter the workforce.
Valpar International manufactures and develops specialized test instruments and software that measure work-related skills. Their products are used worldwide in education, workforce development, and allied health. Valpar’s Aviator software uses the O*NET database in conjunction with various assessments to aid users in identifying occupations that fit their skills and interests. The following description is found on their Web site.
Aviator's multifunctional approach encompasses aptitude assessment, two pictorial/audio interest surveys, and two databases - the standard and O*NET databases each with approximately 1000 jobs. Using Valpar's skills-based assessment foundation, this fast, reliable, valid tool is easy to administer and cost efficient. All sub-tests and surveys are computer-based and can be completed in a remarkable 60 minutes.
Alabama’s ACLMIS' Dislocated Worker System is a Web-based system providing assistance to individuals who have lost their jobs due to permanent layoffs or plant closings. Its skill survey questionnaire is based on O*NET data (abilities, knowledges, skills, and work activities). The system uses the O*NET occupational classification system for easy linkage to Alabama's labor market information. The ACLMIS System allows users to research occupations, analyze their skills to find suitable occupations, or find occupations similar to their current occupation.
California’s Labor Market Information Division (LMID) gathers, analyzes, and produces occupational information to inform people about California’s economy and to aid in labor-related decisions. In response to layoffs at Pillowtex (a large household textile manufacturer that closed plants employing 6,000 workers across eight states), California’s LMID created an instruction kit that incorporates parts of O*NET OnLine. Including the O*NET Find Occupations and Skills Search capabilities, this toolkit enables use of O*NET data and other resources to make dislocated workers aware of their current skills and suggests occupations that match these skills.
The Colorado Department of Labor and Employment uses O*NET occupational information in its LMI Gateway Web site. This comprehensive online resource for career exploration and job searching integrates the O*NET database into its Career Informer service. In addition, users may complete a skills inventory that matches their skills to O*NET occupations. Job seekers often find their skills set is broader than they previously realized and that their skills are transferable to related occupations, opening up their job search to more possibilities.
The Kansas Department of Labor used O*NET skills, knowledges, and abilities as a tool in their research for the report, Profile of the Health Care Industry. The report profiles the three health care industry sub-sectors and the occupations within these industries. The goal of the research was to assist workforce development planners and policy makers in decisions aimed at achieving desired turnover and retention rates and to develop necessary training programs.
The Lancaster County Workforce Investment Board in
Pennsylvania uses O*NET information in research and service delivery activities designed to support economic development efforts in the county. Using an industry clusters model, The Lancaster WIB cooperates closely with the economic development community. After the industry clusters are defined, the primary occupations are profiled and a Skills Map is developed. Information for all occupations and the various career ladders in the cluster are analyzed to identify common skills and attributes, as well as those unique to a particular occupation or career ladder. The resulting Skills Map is a helpful way to involve the educational community in addressing skills gaps, taking a systemic approach to the identification of industry’s skill needs. O*NET data are a key part of the Skills Map used to develop the profiles, providing extensive information about skills and knowledge requirements of occupations in each cluster.
Maryland’s Columbia Workforce Center uses O*NET OnLine as an important component of their Early Intervention Workshop. Recipients of unemployment insurance receive instruction on how to find jobs, research job and employer requirements, and successfully compete for open positions. O*NET OnLine helps these job seekers build resumes by identifying tasks they have mastered on previous jobs. They are also encouraged to use the information in O*NET OnLine to prepare for interviews by thoroughly understanding the requirements of the occupation for which they are interviewing. Another key feature of the workshop is introducing the participants to the O*NET Career Exploration Tools as aids to making career path decisions.
Michigan’s West Coast WIRED Initiative uses the Career Readiness Certificate, based on WorkKeys® and O*NET Job Zone information, as a means of linking worker readiness to jobs available in the local economy. WorkKeys, an online assessment linked to O*NET occupations, measures foundational skills of Reading for Information, Applied Mathematics, and Locating Information. It assigns a score and grants a Career Readiness Certificate. The certificate is then related to jobs available in the local economy. The Career Readiness Certificate is being used in several other states as a part of state, regional, and local workforce development initiatives, including North Carolina, Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky, and New Mexico. Many others are in the process of implementing a Career Readiness Certificate program.
The Labor Market and Demographic Research arm of the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development uses the O*NET database to support economic progress in their region. This office gathers data, creates models, and crunches numbers to support their labor and workforce development research. An example of the impact of this research is the Fort Monmouth Reuse and Redevelopment Plan. Fort Monmouth is an Army installation selected for closure by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission (BRAC). The Department of Defense estimated that the closure would cost the area 9,737 jobs. Research was done to determine the skills, abilities, education, and training those jobs required. In conjunction with Occupational Employment Statistics (OES), the O*NET database provided the ability to quantify how much of each of these characteristics were available in the local workforce. The research benefited from the inclusion of importance, frequency, and level information in the O*NET database, allowing weighting to be applied to the model. The research made it possible to understand the dimensions of the workforce in the Fort Monmouth area and inform planners regarding what industries and occupations to attract.
The Welfare to Work Program in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania has developed a set of binders that contain lists of O*NET occupational tasks. Clients hoping to reenter the workforce can compare their previous job experiences to the lists in the binders and select common tasks to include on their resumes. If the client does not find their particular set of skills in the prepared binders, they are referred directly to O*NET OnLine. Using O*NET OnLine, clients find the lists of In Demand occupations to be helpful as well.
Wisconsin’s Department of Workforce Development (DWD) works with a network of 78 local Job Centers (the equivalent of One-Stops) across the state. Each has a resource area and a mission to provide high-quality career information to job seekers and other customers. In many of the centers, local staff wanted or needed to become more knowledgeable about the career development needs of diverse clients and the array of resources available to assist them. To help staff improve their career development skills and services, DWD’s Division of Workforce Solutions developed a 3-day, competency-based training curriculum that includes an introduction to O*NET information. Students use O*NET OnLine, the O*NET Work Importance Locator, and the O*NET Interest Profiler. Staff have discovered that these O*NET tools provide a good foundation for approaching the career exploration process.
The Workforce Central Florida online tool provides employers assistance with their recruitment, retention, and training needs. Employers can post job opportunities and search the resume job bank. The Web site provides access to numerous human resources topics, articles, and other resources. Job seekers can post resumes, search the job bank, and keep abreast of career-related seminars, articles, and services. The Web site provides links to O*NET data and O*NET-based career tools.
Snohomish County, Washington Human Services developed Career Path Services: A Guide to Employment. The guide links to O*NET OnLine as a resource not only for learning about the world of work but also for identifying the skills necessary for for successful workforce entry.
The Workforce Oklahoma Career Connection Center One-Stop partner agencies are using the O*NET Program in a broad effort to identify and meet specific employer needs in a timely, effective, and cost-efficient way. The center uses a survey of employer needs in customizing a service mix to meet these specific needs. O*NET information is built into this survey to help employers clearly define their employment needs by job title and skill bundles. For one such employer, center staff developed a series of job descriptions for skilled welders. These job descriptions were used as a basis for an in-house certified training program for welders.
Military Personnel in Transition at Offutt Air Force Base in Omaha, Nebraska, provides a comprehensive 5-day Transition Assistance Program (TAP) for personnel leaving military service. As part of this program, the Nebraska Workforce Development Labor Market Information Center presents information on career exploration, employment searches, and training opportunities in the civilian job market. O*NET OnLine is prominently demonstrated as a tool to help TAP participants relate their skills and military experience to appropriate occupations and learn about a wider range of career possibilities as they transition to civilian life and employment. Military personnel can thus tap into the entire range of O*NET occupational information to explore career possibilities in the civilian sector. O*NET OnLine is a key element of the TAP for military personnel in transition.
Another project of the Department of the Navy is a Web portal that will be used to collect and analyze Human Systems Integration (HSI) data. The portal will incorporate the O*NET database as well as many of the supporting documents from the O*NET Resource Center, such as the Toolkit for Business and the O*NET taxonomy information. (http://www.nps.edu/or/hsi/) Other Navy projects using O*NET information include the Job Family Structure Working Group charted by Fleet Forces Command Human Capital Object Governance Board (Navy Manpower Analysis Center, 2006), the Navy Integrated Learning Environment (Naval Personnel Development Command, 2004), and the Naval War College Joint Capability Focused, Competency Ba
sed Research (Zelibor, Suttie, & Potter, 2008).
The North Carolina Military Foundation teamed with the North Carolina Military Business Center to create a database and interactive Web site which enables businesses to link their needs to the competencies of troops exiting the military. One of the challenges faced by troops and business leaders alike is identifying the knowledges,
skills, and abilities shared by military and civilian jobs. Using a keyword related to a job opening, employers are able to search for related military occupations and information on how many military personnel in these occupations are returning annually to civilian jobs. The user can view additional information about these occupations, including a list of related civilian job titles. Further exploration is available through a link to the related occupations in O*NET OnLine. This Web site helps employers and transitioning military personnel come together through the common language of the O*NET system.
The Office of the Secretary of Defense enlisted the RAND National Defense Research Institute (NDRI) to convene a panel of experts to provide assistance in refining the implementation of the Department of Defense Human Capital Strategy (HCS). The goal of HCS is to develop a foundation for military personnel management. A major component of this goal is a competency-based occupational analysis system. In the Final
Report of the Panel on the Department of Defense Human Capital Strategy (Hanser et al.,2008), the panel members concluded that O*NET “has the potential to provide a framework for developing much of the common language and functionality desired in a new DoD system.”
The U.S. Department of Defense’s Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) Career Exploration Program offers tools to help high school and postsecondary students learn about career exploration and planning. Developers of the ASVAB Program wanted to change its philosophy to emphasize wider career exploration and decision making among its participants. Completely redesigned, the program now uses O*NET data to broaden occupational choices for nearly a million ASVAB participants at more than 14,000 of America’s high schools annually. Students are encouraged to explore a variety of career possibilities suited to their interests and learn to make decisions based on information about themselves and about careers, instead of exploring just a few occupations that match their current abilities.
Minnesota’s public career information website, www.ISEEK.org, used O*NET skills data to create a free online skills assessment tool. The tool allows users to rate themselves on all 35 O*NET skills, then view occupations that are a good match for their skills profile. The tool also includes a “skills matchup” feature, which lets users see where their own skills differ from the average skills of those working in the occupation.
The assessment works for novice career explorers and experienced workers alike.
Keys2Work, a private, nonprofit organization, offers a community-based assessment and career development system that helps students, job seekers, employers, and providers of education and training. Using work-related skills assessments and online tools powered with O*NET data, the system demonstrates the relevance of school subjects to future careers and earnings, thereby contributing to talent development in schools. Using ACT’s WorkKeys, students assess important work-related skills and match them to
occupations. Keys2Work links these occupations to O*NET data, expanding students’ perspectives, allowing them to explore a wider range of occupations and obtain extensive information about them. Students can learn about common tasks and work activities; other knowledge, skill, and educational requirements; and interest profiles of workers. O*NET data provide the connection to related information on wages and employment outlook. Using O*NET data, Keys2Work shows students that what they earn in the future depends directly on the skills they acquire in school.
The staff of the Janice Capilouto Center for the Deaf-Easter Seals in Montgomery,Alabama rely on O*NET OnLine when counseling clients. When clients have trouble describing what they’ve done in their previous work experience, O*NET skills and tasks language is used to create comprehensive resumes that speak to prospective employers. O*NET information is also used in skills gap analyses to help clients understand the
training or education they need to land a job in an area of special interest to them.
Elder Research, Inc. is working on a project that assists people in finding the correct job by linking their queries to the occupational information in O*NET OnLine. Elder Research is a leader in the development of data mining software
Colorado State University’s Department of Psychology has developed an interactive career assessment tool to be used by Colorado’s community college students. The Website will help students find occupations that suit their personalities and choose courses to prepare them for careers in those fields. O*NET data, as well as O*NET Career Exploration Tools, are key components of the assessment tool. The program is called the Virtual Workforce Assessment Network (V-WAN) and is supported by an award from the U.S. Department of Education. The project is also creating a database of participant information which has potential for long-term research. As participants leave community colleges and find employment, they can opt to stay in the database, providing researchers with data for longitudinal studies. Researchers may investigate topics such as which human attributes (values, interests, abilities, etc.) are the strongest predictors of making satisfying career choices.
Cengage Learning has developed a product called
Career Transitions that uses the O*NET Interest Profiler and the O*NET database to help job seekers. Their web site states that career research is the number one use of public libraries today, sometimes stretching staff to their limits. Career Transitions helps public libraries manage the number of people seeking job search help by providing a self-paced application that walks job seekers through the entire process from assessing strengths and interests, to exploring new job opportunities.
CDM Internet is an online tool for individual assessment and career exploration. Targeted at students ages 12 and above, the system may also be used by adults re-entering the world of work or transitioning between jobs. Backed by the O*NET database of occupational information, the tool allows users to explore their abilities, work values, and interests – leading to briefs on hundreds of related occupations, most with
Catholic Community Services in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, offers a free Senior Employment Program for workers aged 55 years or older in the city and 17 other civil parishes, mostly rural. With more than 25 years of experience, the agency is now a mandated partner in Louisiana’s Workforce Investment Act initiatives. The program uses the O*NET Career Exploration Tools to help retirees and other older adults find jobs. The O*NET Interest Profiler is a key tool in the process that helps open clients’ minds to what the workplace offers them and what they can offer the workplace.
TORQ™, the Transferable Occupation Relationship Quotient, by WFA uses O*NET data to define the skill and knowledge requirements for every occupation, and scores each individual's competencies against those requirements. This makes it an ideal tool for identifying the specific competencies that should be included in an on-the-job training (OJT) program. Pennsylvania and other states have used TORQ to help select participants for OJT programs, and to define the necessary training activities.
The Traumatic Brain Injury Program at the Tennessee Rehabilitation Center relies
on O*NET OnLine to help clients identify jobs they
want to do and can do well. Team members refer to detailed reports of the skills, knowledge, abilities, and other characteristics of occupations as they tailor their services to the individual’s interests and goals. Employers benefit from the program’s Job Placement Specialist’s assistance in finding competent workers, those workers well matched to the employers’ particular needs.
BrowseCareers.com is an informal career browsing engine dedicated to quick, early analysis of career options. BrowseCareers.com consolidates a variety of O*NET data tables to facilitate career searching based on the user’s personal characteristics. For example, interests can be used as a filtering criteria to show only those careers associated with the user’s interests. There are a number of criteria types to filter on, including personal style, knowledge, and skills, and more generally on salary, expected growth rate, and whether or not a career is considered 'green'. At any point, users can link to any of the O*NET published details for a given career. BrowseCareers.com is intended for use by students and career changers as an initial step in their career search process.
The Boys and Girls Clubs of America developed a career preparation program to help teens make sound educational decisions, explore a variety of careers, and develop skills for success in the workplace. A system, CareerLaunch, supports this program. This expanded career preparation Web site incorporates O*NET data, enabling teens to find O*NET career profiles related to their interests.
The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) uses O*NET data to help the visually impaired expand their employment possibilities. CareerConnect™ is a free employment planning resource for persons who are blind or visually impaired. Sponsored by the AFB,the program helps these individuals learn about the range and diversity of occupations available in the labor market. It also provides mentors and information about assistive technology that can help them do the work. This practical, user-friendly resource incorporates O*NET data to supply essential information for career exploration and to expand the universe of jobs for persons with visual impairments.
Pathway Planner™ is an in-depth
planning and personal assessment for use by clients of all ages and stages of work life as an educational and career planning tool to generate individualized career options.
Career Ready 101 by KeyTrain is a program designed to provide an efficient and comprehensive career design/build experience for administrators, instructors, and students. The program addresses all aspects of career readiness training in one integrated system. O*NET data and O*NET career exploration tools are important components of the system. KeyTrain’s Stan Brodka says, "We have been tremendously impressed with the up-to-date nature and accuracy of O*NET data. This is the sort of element that helps learners see how their activities in KeyTrain and Career Ready 101 link to the real world. It adds real relevance in learning and is a great enhancement to our products."
NKOKA is a small technician training institution focused on training in a very specialized and technical environment in South Africa. This company is using O*NET data related to the occupation Electronics Technicians to structure their training programs.
IHaveAPlanIowa provides users a planning sequence to help them identify training needs related to career aspirations and local education resources to meet those requirements. Flexible tools help users create resumes and portfolios to organize credentials, experiences, and goals. Users can conduct job searches by exploring local and state job markets. Integrated with the system are professional tools for support staff to allow for review of client portfolios and generation of reports. The online tool relies on both the O*NET database and O*NET Career Exploration Tools.
CareerOneStop, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, offers job seekers, students, businesses, and workforce professionals the most comprehensive set of career resources and workforce information on the Web. O*NET products are integrated throughout the site, including the O*NET database, O*NET Career Exploration Tools, and O*NET Tools and Technology (T2).
The Center for Hospitality Research of Cornell University conducted a study titled, Ability versus Personality: Factors that Predict Employee Job Performance (Tracey, Sturman & Tews, 2007). The researchers used O*NET definitions, education and training requirements, tasks, and required knowledges, skills, and abilities as part of their research to test the hypothesis that cognitive ability is more important for predicting performance among inexperienced employees than among experienced employees in frontline restaurant jobs. In addition, they hypothesized that conscientiousness was more valid for predicting performance among experienced employees than inexperienced employees. These hypotheses were supported in their research.
The AARP Public Policy Institute and the Urban Institute examined how job demands have changed over time and what they might look like in the future. In the paper, Employment at Older Ages and the Changing Nature of Work (Johnson, Mermin, & Resseger, 2007), the authors link detailed information on occupational characteristics from the O*NET database to the March 1971 and March 2006 Current Population Surveys. They found a sharp decline in the physical demands of jobs and the prevalence of difficult working conditions over the past 35 years. They also found that jobs have become more stressful and cognitively challenging. The implications of the study suggest that the decline in physical job demands increases the opportunities for older people to remain at work. However, more stressful, cognitively demanding jobs complicate the picture. The study proposes that the changing nature of work will likely promote old-age employment for most people, or at least not interfere with longer work lives.
My Next Move is an easy to read web-based interactive tool for new job seekers, students, and other career explorers to learn more about their career options.
CareerScope, developed by the non-profit Vocational Research Institute, enhances career and educational planning processes, including career development portfolios, transition plans, Individualized Educational Plans (IEP), and employee training and retention plans. Users include secondary schools, community and technical colleges, state and community vocational rehabilitation agencies, VA medical centers, and state adult and juvenile correctional facilities. Written at a 4th grade reading level, the valid and reliable interest and aptitude assessment is self-administered and easy to complete. Accommodation options include audio delivery, English with Spanish text, and untimed delivery. CareerScope’s comprehensive reports incorporate O*NET occupational data and provide career recommendations based on the evaluee’s interest and aptitude results.