O*NET® Products at Work
The U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration introduced the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) to the public in 1998. Since that time, its impact on workforce development, career counseling, educational programming and human resource activities has quickly expanded, both in the U.S. and around the world. O*NET Products at Work provides examples of the widespread use of O*NET OnLine, the O*NET database, the Toolkit for Business, and the O*NET Career Exploration Tools.
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Federal and state government agencies [X]
GetMyFuture from CareerOneStop
CareerOneStop, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, has launched the mobile-friendly portal GetMyFuture. The site incorporates the O*NET Mini Interest Profiler and O*NET occupation data to assist users in finding careers they like, as well as entry-level jobs that match their interests. The portal also provides a comprehensive set of resources for job training, job searches, job application and resume preparation, and tutorials to prepare job seekers for interviewing and beginning work in their new jobs.
The California CareerZone (www.cacareerzone.org) includes O*NET assessment tools and the O*NET occupational taxonomy to assist students contemplating college or career. Users may assess their interests, skills, and work values with the O*NET Interest Profiler, Skills Search, and Work Importance Profiler. They may explore and compare occupations by browsing O*NET Job Families and selecting occupations to compare on Job Zone and primary Interest area, as well as on salary, projected growth, and possible college majors. The California CareerZone, part of the California Career Resource Network, is linked from the sites of One Stop Centers throughout the state.
The U. S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration used data from the O*NET database for a report on the growing importance of data in the economy. The report identifies occupations where data analysis and processing are central to the work performed and measures the size of employment and earnings in these occupations, as well as in the industries that have the highest concentration of these data occupations.
The Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (ETA) is working with business leaders, educators, and others to develop comprehensive industry competency models in economically important industries. Competency models are used for developing curricula, selecting training materials, setting licensure and certification requirements, writing job descriptions, recruiting and hiring, and performance reviews. Part of ETA’s effort includes a database of competency-based resources providing information for use in regional economic and workforce development projects. The database includes resources such as sample curricula, assessment instruments, skill standards, and apprenticeship work process schedules. When the resources are related to an occupation, a link is provided to that occupation in the O*NET database, providing access to the knowledges, skills, and abilities needed to perform the work. The database resources provided are linked to industries that are economically important, projected to have long-term growth, or are being transformed by technology and innovation. They include the following.
- Advanced Manufacturing
- Financial Services
- Hospitality/Hotel and Lodging
- Information Technology
The Maine Department of Labor used O*NET information in their effort to attract new business to the state. Businesses provided descriptions of the jobs they need to fill and the Maine Department of Labor searched O*NET data to match occupations to the knowledges, skills, and abilities provided in the job descriptions. In addition, small businesses were helped to develop their employees through training strategies based on O*NET occupational skills information. O*NET information has also been used by the state of Maine to help dislocated workers make informed decisions about employment opportunities after a layoff. Based on a comparison of knowledges, skills, and abilities, the jobs the workers were leaving were first linked to O*NET occupations in order to identify likely opportunities requiring similar skills. O*NET information was supplemented with state-level wage information, job openings, and information about retraining possibilities so workers could choose reemployment opportunities best suited to them. Another use of O*NET data was employed for a boat builder in Maine who needed to move his operation to reach a workforce with the new skills and technological knowledge required for a changing industry. The Maine Department of Labor helped identify alternative locations by first linking the skills required for boat building to O*NET occupations. Then, Labor Market Information (LMI) occupational data showed where in the state the labor market included people working in these occupations. The company decided to relocate to one of those areas.
The Oklahoma Employment Services Commission presents O*NET overviews to business councils and at job fairs and incorporates O*NET OnLine into Job Skills Workshops. Employers are shown how to use the Oklahoma Job Link system to code their job openings with a standard O*NET-SOC code. During the Job Skills Workshops, job seekers explore the skills data in O*NET OnLine and learn how to use O*NET Details Reports to help them build resumes.
Strategic Workforce Assessment Project (SWAP) from The Texas Labor Market and Career Information Department (LMCI)
The Texas Labor Market and Career Information Department (LMCI) has infused all of its occupational information products with the O*NET database. One application is the Strategic Workforce Assessment Project (SWAP). SWAP uses the O*NET Detailed Work Activities (DWA) database as a proxy for occupational skill sets in the effort to identify the critical workforce needs of the state’s industry cluster initiative. LMCI staff performed an extensive analysis of how DWAs could be used as a foundation for an Internet application that automates a process of analyzing industry clusters, creating custom cluster staffing patterns, and building occupational skill sets. Related efforts include the assignment of DWAs to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) and the regionalization of the O*NET DWA statements to match Texas employer hiring requirements. The goal is for Texas economic development programs to identify key industry clusters in their regions, to know the critical occupations for those clusters, and then to identify specific work activities that regional education and training systems must provide. SWAP’s goal is to connect education and the economy through an integrated data system. O*NET data provided a solid foundation on which to base this project.
The West Virginia Rehabilitation Center used O*NET Online to help clients with career exploration. Many clients are students (ages 15-23) who are transitioning from school to work. Students used the Web-based tool to search on keywords related to occupational interests. Because students often have incomplete information about occupations, the data in O*NET OnLine filled out their perspective about the skills and training required for an occupation and provided links to wages and employment outlooks. Adults with disabilities also used O*NET information to transition to jobs using related skills. A firefighter who had been seriously injured on the job discovered through O*NET OnLine that he had skills similar to insurance adjustors. He found a job with an insurance firm that needed adjustors to investigate fire-related claims.
The Alabama Department of Rehabilitation incorporated O*NET information into their Employment Institute, a two-part training program required for everyone who provides direct services to clients. Trainees are shown how to use O*NET OnLine to address the vocational goals of clients, looking at tasks, skills required, work environments and potential barriers. Training also shows counselors how to use the O*NET Code Connector to link a client’s past job title to an appropriate O*NET occupation.
To address the pressing need for talented and skilled computer 3-D graphic artists and traditional animators, California’s Employment Development Department (CA EDD) conducted an industry study with the endorsement of the California Skillsnet Consortium. O*NET’s survey data collection instruments and other materials were used in the study. Relying on O*NET data, human resources personnel modified local training and education initiatives to help close the gap between industry needs and local workers’ skills. Training programs defined the skills and requirements for the evolving occupations of computer 3-D graphic artists and traditional animators. State and local leaders forged important partnerships with local establishments, educators, WIBs, community-based organizations, and other stakeholders to meet industry demands and develop needed talent.
The CAEDD also assisted workers at Boeing's Monrovia, California plant as Boeing prepared to close the plant in response to changing business needs. CAEDD staff used the O*NET's Skills Survey to interview workers, identifying the skills used in their jobs. The skills information was used with the O*NET database and state and local labor market information to create a report describing how Boeing employees could use their skills in jobs outside the aircraft manufacturing industry.
California Labor Market Information (LMI) has used O*NET information as part of the state’s rapid response to mass layoffs. LMI’s guide for workforce development professionals assists dislocated workers in reevaluating their skills and relating those skills to other occupations, particularly in high-demand fields and among new and emerging jobs. The guide outlines a step-by-step process enabling a dislocated worker to build an occupational profile with Skills Search and Detailed Reports in O*NET OnLine, together with multiple LMI data sources. From the Detailed Reports pages, an applicant copies and pastes Task statements, Detailed Work Activities, and other descriptors used to enhance resumes. Skills Search is used to compare the applicant’s job skills to similar skills in new careers.
CareerOneStop, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, offers job seekers, students, businesses, and workforce professionals the most comprehensive set of career resources and workforce information on the Web. O*NET products are integrated throughout the site, including the O*NET database, O*NET Career Exploration Tools, and O*NET Tools and Technology (T2).
The Connecticut Department of Labor used O*NET data to respond to the Workforce Investment Act requirements that states assess (1) current and future job opportunities in the state, (2) the skills necessary to obtain these jobs, and (3) the skills necessary to meet the economic development needs of the state. To meet these requirements, it collected and analyzed labor market information and published an extensive report. O*NET Skills and skill descriptions were used in the report sections describing skills necessary for Connecticut’s high-demand occupations and industry sectors important for state economic development.
IHaveAPlanIowa provides users a planning sequence to help them identify training needs related to career aspirations and local education resources to meet those requirements. Flexible tools help users create resumes and portfolios to organize credentials, experiences, and goals. Users can conduct job searches by exploring local and state job markets. Integrated with the system are professional tools for support staff to allow for review of client portfolios and generation of reports. The online tool relies on both the O*NET database and O*NET Career Exploration Tools.
The Job Skills Transfer Assessment Tool (JobSTAT) from Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development
The Job Skills Transfer Assessment Tool (JobSTAT) is a Web-based tool offered by the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development. Users begin by entering the title of their current or previous job, or selecting an occupation title from a list of O*NET occupations. JobSTAT matches the user’s marketable skill attributes against existing job openings that require similar skills.
JobZone is a career information and management system for adult jobseekers used in all of New York’s regional One-Stop Employment Centers. The JobZone system provides information on over 900 occupations from the O*NET database, including military titles. JobZone tools allow users to assess career values, interests, and skills and apply the results to the job search process. There have been over one million portfolio accounts created within the two New York systems – JobZone a nd CareerZone (a career exploration system targeted to students)
The Maryland Career Development Association offers an online course titled, Using O*NET in Your Work as Career Advisors. The course is self-paced and instructs users on the most important components of O*NET OnLine information for their work with clients. The course covers topics such as Using the O*NET Descriptor Search, Finding Tools and Technology Used in Occupations, Helping Military Transition to the Civilian World of Work Using Crosswalk, and Help People Make a Career Transition Using Their Skills. Professional development credit is awarded for completion of the course.
The Maryland Division of Rehabilitation Services provides career exploration services in the Workforce & Technology Center. Clients learn about their values, interests, talents, and abilities by using a variety of assessments. O*NET OnLine provides an avenue to use this information to explore careers. The convenience of a Web-based system allows clients who have difficulty coming in to a state office the option of doing research at home and sending results to the office via email.
Occupational Transferability Analyzer (OTA) from The Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development
The Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development created the Occupational Transferability Analyzer (OTA) using O*NET knowledge, skills, and abilities data. The OTA computes a single transferability score that allows users to consider the feasibility of moving from one occupation to another. The score ranges from -100 to +100 and provides a measure of the comparability between two different occupations based on knowledge, skill, and ability levels.